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Salado River, Buenos Aires Province

The Salado River is the longest river in Buenos Aires Province, flowing 700 km from east to west before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.

During the Spanish occupation of Argentina, the Salado River was the frontier boundary separating the colonial north from the indigenous south.

More than a billion US dollars’ worth of cereals, such as wheat and barley, were exported from Buenos Aires Province in 2011.

The Conquest of the Desert made Argentina an agricultural superpower in the early 20th century, as Patagonia was conquered and used for farmland.

Junín is the largest city in northwestern Buenos Aires Province and the centre for industry and tourism in the region.

The first Spanish settlers arrived in Junín in the 1790s, establishing an outpost and fort along the banks of the Salado River.

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Flying at 13,000m - An agricultural lifeline

 

Flying at 1,000m - The Conquest of the Desert

 

Flying at ground level - The hub of the Northwest

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© 2014 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)