Ha’il derives its name from the Arabic word for “barrier” due to the river that seasonally ran through the city, splitting it in half.

Rock paintings and inscriptions of text, dogs, camels and humans found in the mountains north of Ha’il are thought to be 4,000 years old.

For every nine litres of water used in Saudi Arabia, only one comes from a renewable resource.

80 - 90% of the 22 cubic kilometres of water used in Saudi Arabia every year is used for agriculture.

The new international airport at the Prince Abdul Aziz bin Mousaed Economic City will handle three million passengers a year.

The two mountains either side of Ha’il are named for the fable of two lovers, Salma and Aja, who lived in the city.

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Flying at 13,000m - Pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia


Flying at 1,000m - A crossroad oasis


Flying at ground level - Ha’il’s legendary beginnings

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© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)