Cairo and the surrounding area are home to nearly 17 million people and the largest metropolitan area in Africa.

There has been settlement in and around the Cairo area since 3000 BC.

Cairo is the eleventh largest metropolitan area in the world, and the largest conurbation in Africa.

Cairo is home to both the first mosque and the first Coptic Christian church in Africa.

The economy of Cairo and the surrounding urban area accounts for almost two-thirds of the Egyptian Gross Domestic Product.

Cairo is host to Africa’s only fully-fledged Metro mass transport system.

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Flying at 11,000m - Cairo and the Nile


Flying at 1,000m - The city of a thousand minarets


Flying at street level - Modern Cairo: a mega-city

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© 2015 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)