Lake Chad

At its largest, Lake Mega-Chad contained more water than the Great Lakes put together.

Lake Chad straddles the borders of four countries: Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon.

Lake Chad and its feeder rivers support more than 30 million people.

Lake Chad shrank in size by 95 percent between 1963 and 1995.

The Kanem-Borno Empire from Lake Chad ruled most of North Africa for more than a thousand years.

More than 655,000 Kanembu people live around Lake Chad, the descendants of the Kanem-Borno Empire.

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Flying at 13,000m - Remnant of a giant lake


Flying at 5,000m - A shrinking resource


Flying at ground level - The birthplace of an empire

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© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)