Close

Western Tarai, Nepal

Nepal is just twice the size of Scotland but contains enormous physical diversity ranging from riverine plains and swamps to the highest peaks in the world.

Today, much of the Tarai region is agricultural and vital to Nepal’s economy, producing crops such as rice, wheat and tobacco for domestic use and export.

The Tarai was once covered in a thick, impenetrable jungle known as the Twelve Kilometre Forest which was a barrier between Nepal and India.

Bardia National Park is the largest area of undisturbed wilderness in Western Nepal’s Tarai, protecting animals such as the Royal Bengal tiger and great one-horned Indian rhino.

The Tharu people were the original inhabitants of the western Tarai, and developed a resistance to the malaria which kept all others away from the region.

In the 1950s, the jungles of the Tarai were cleared and turned into agricultural land so that people from the overcrowded Hill region could settle here.

Show the Western Tarai, Nepal summary
Top

Control panel

View images from...

The appearance of the landscape changes depending on your altitude. Using the options below, please choose a cruising altitude to explore from.

Contribute to Hidden Journeys

We invite you to help us make Hidden Journeys as rich as possible. If you have an image that you believe is suitable for this site then please click below to submit it to the site.

Add your image
 

Flying at 13,000m - The three zones of Nepal

 

Flying at 3,000m - Bardia National Park

 

Flying at ground level - The Tharu people

Return to the top

© 2014 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)