Hong Kong

Hong Kong and its surrounding islands and territories were leased by China to Britain for 99 years in 1898.

Hong Kong ceased being a British colony and became a Special Administrative Region under Chinese rule on 1st July 1997.

The name Hong Kong comes from the Cantonese “Heung Gong” or “fragrant harbour”, a reference to “sweeter” fresh water of the Pearl River estuary.

The Pearl River is named for the large number of pearl-like shells lining the river bed as it runs through Guangzhou.

The Peak Tram, a funicular railway still running from Central to Victoria Peak has been in operation since 1888.

The Mid-Levels escalator is the world’s longest escalator system, running over 800m and an elevation of 135m. The full journey takes 20 minutes.

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Flying at 13,000m - The Pearl River Delta


Flying at 1,000m - the Colonial history of Hong Kong


Flying at ground level - A modern city of contrasts

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© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)