Taiwan is known as one of the four Asian Tiger Economies due to its rapid transformational growth during the 1980s and 1990s.
The People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC, also known as Taiwan) were officially still in a state of war until 1979.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Taipei is estimated at US$260 billion, ranking it the 13th most prosperous city in the world.
Taipei is home to over 2.5 million people, and covers an area the size of Cyprus.
Dr Sun Yat-Sen is known as the Founding Father of Taiwan for his role in inspiring the Wuchang Uprising in 1911 which led to Taiwan declaring independence.
Oyster omelettes and stinky tofu are the two most popular and famous dishes to be found in Taipei’s many night markets.