Only 30% of the 25,000 people who climb Kilimanjaro every year reach the summit at Uhuru Peak.

Kilimanjaro, or Kilima-Njaro in Swahilli, means “shining mountain”, named for the cap of ice and snow atop its peak.

The record for the fastest ascent and decent of Kilimanjaro is just 8 hours and 27 minutes, held by Simon Mtuy, a local Chagga tribesman.

At least 82% of Kilimanjaro’s ice cap has melted since 1912.

Kilimanjaro passes through five distinct ecological and climatic zones from its base to its summit.

Kilimanjaro is the highest free-standing mountain in the world, rising a dramatic 5,882 metres from its base.

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Flying at 13,000m - The highest mountain in Africa


Flying at 1,000m - Ecology of the sky island


Flying at ground level - Humans and the "Shining Mountain"

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© 2015 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)