Cape Verde Islands
More Cape Verdeans live abroad than at home on the islands, with more than 500,000 emigrants in the USA alone.
The Cape Verde islands are thought to have formed over a volcanic “hot spot”, producing a series of volcanoes isolated from a plate boundary.
In 2008, Cape Verde became only the second country to be promoted by the United Nations out of the ranks of the 50 least developed countries.
The Cape Verde islands provide an important breeding and nesting ground for Atlantic sea birds, and house large numbers of endemic species.
The largest and most active volcano in the region is Pico, which makes up the island of Fogo to the south of the chain.
Cape Verde’s quintessential musical style is the morna, a melancholy and lyrical song form often focusing on love, patriotism and mourning.