Madrid, Spain

The Meseta Central plateau covers 40% of mainland Spain, or an area twice the size of Iceland.

Madrid’s Barajas Airport is the fourth busiest in Europe, and the world's largest by area of its terminals.

The Valley of the Fallen near Madrid was built by Franco as a memorial of the casualties of the Spanish Civil War.

Elevated 646 metres above sea level, Madrid is the highest capital city in European Union.

The name Madrid originated from the Arabic word Mayrit meaning “source of water”.

The Spanish Civil War lasted between 1936 and 1939 and was one of the most important events in Spain’s history.

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Flying at 10,000m - Europe's highest capital


Flying at 2,000m - The nerve centre of Spain


Flying at street level - The Spanish Civil War

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© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)