Minas Gerais

Minas Gerais is the fourth largest state in Brazil, approximately twice the size of the United Kingdom.

During the gold rush of the late 17th and early 18th century, more than half the population of Brazil lived in the southeast of the country.

Juiz de Fora was known as the “Manchester of Minas” during the late 19th and early 20th century.

Only 10% of Brazil’s original cover of Atlantic Forest is thought to remain today.

The zona da mata was the richest part of Minas Gerais until the mid-20th century due to its lucrative dairy and coffee production. 

Juiz de Fora was built around the camino novo (“new way”) road, which linked Rio de Janeiro to the gold mines.

Show the Minas Gerais summary

Control panel

View images from...

The appearance of the landscape changes depending on your altitude. Using the options below, please choose a cruising altitude to explore from.

Contribute to Hidden Journeys

We invite you to help us make Hidden Journeys as rich as possible. If you have an image that you believe is suitable for this site then please click below to submit it to the site.

Add your image

Flying at 13,000m - Coffee in the zona da mata


Flying at 1,000m - Minas Gerais’ gold rush


Flying at ground level - Juiz de Fora

Return to the top

© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)