Pernambuco was one of the first areas of Brazil to be settled by the Portuguese in 1501, when the cities of Recife and Olinda were established.

In 2010 Brazil produced 26.2 billion litres of ethanol fuel, 30% of all ethanol fuel used throughout the world that year.

Recife’s modern “Porto Digital” generates R$10 billion (over US$ 6 billion) a year from its high-tech industries.

Throughout the 16th and 17th century, Pernambuco was part of colonial Holland and Portugal and also occupied by the English.

During the 1980s, more than one third of Brazil’s entire vehicle fleet ran on ethanol alone.

Recife is known as the “Venice of Brazil” due to the numerous canals and channels running through the city.

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Flying at 13,000m - Pernambuco’s colonial history


Flying at 1,000m - Sugarcane and ethanol


Flying at ground level - Recife – the Brazilian Venice

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© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)