The revolutionary rebel movement in Cuba was known as the “26th of July Movement”, after the day of their first major battle in the Revolution.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus “discovered” and claimed the island now occupied by Cuba for the Kingdom of Spain.

85-90% of the Cuban economy was state-owned and run until September 2010.

Cuba Libre, the famous rum and cola cocktail, is a tribute to the Cuba Liberation Army who fought in the 1898 War of Independence.

School children still begin each morning by pledging “We will be like Ché”, in homage to the Revolutionary rebel leader.

Cuba now has a 99.8% literacy rate, compared to below 25% prior to the Cuban Revolution.

Cuba is home to over 11 million people and is the most populous island nation in the Caribbean.

Most forms of private enterprise were illegal in Cuba until September 2010.

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Flying at 12,000m - Cuba’s karst and caves


Flying at 1,000m - The Battle of Santa Clara


Flying at ground level - Cuban economics and entrepreneurs

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© 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)