Jakarta, officially known as the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, is the political, economic and cultural centre of the Republic of Indonesia.
Jakarta is prone to severe floods: the most destructive events have displaced hundreds of thousands of people and wrought millions of dollars’ worth of damage.
Jakarta is the 13th largest city in the world in terms of population.
Thirteen rivers bundle through Jakarta on their way to the Java Sea. The longest river is the Ciliwung, which passes through the centre of the city.
Jakarta is known by some as ‘The Big Durian’, likening the city to the large fruit distinctive for its size, strong odour, and formidable thorn-covered husk.
As well as its history, Jakarta is renowned for its heavy traffic congestion, air pollution and water pollution.