The Timor Sea covers the Sahul Shelf, part of the continental landmass that houses both Australia and New Guinea
The Timor Sea Treaty signed between Australia and East Timor in 2002 endeavours to share petroleum exploration in the sea between the neighbouring nations.
An estimated 340 billion cubic metres of natural gas alone lies beneath the Timor Sea making it one of the largest gas reserves in the world.
Just 18,000 years ago, the Timor Sea would have been dry land, as global sea levels were lower during an Ice Age.
The Timor Sea is home to some of the most remote and least-explored reefs in the world: the Scott and Seringapatam Reefs.
Scott and Seringapatam Reefs contain several species of coral that are endemic to these reefs, meaning that they do not exist anywhere else in the world.