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Vanuatu

The Pacific nation of Vanuatu is a mountainous archipelago of 84 volcanic islands spread out over an area half the size of Wales.

Yasur volcano on Tanna Island is thought to have been continuously erupting for the past 800 years, making it one of the most active volcanoes in the world.

The soil on Vanuatu is derived from volcanic ash and coral limestone, making it extremely rich in nutrients, providing the perfect conditions for farming.

The tropical rainforests found in Vanuatu are unique to these islands, covering all but the highest peaks and the sandy beaches in dense tree cover.

Vanuatu is one of the most culturally diverse countries, with more than a hundred different cultures existing within a population of less than 250,000.

The first people to arrive on Vanuatu were Melanesian settlers some 3,000 years ago, who travelled across the Pacific on canoes.
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Flying at 13,000m - Volcanic Vanuatu

 

Flying at 2,000m - Fertile soils and abundant seas

 

Flying at ground level - A culturally diverse nation

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© 2014 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)