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Modoc County, California

The Modoc Plateau was formed 25 million years ago by layers of lava flows that built up to heights of 1,500 metres above sea level.

The Pit River got its name from the Achumawi people who dug pits along the river to trap game that came to the water to drink.

Modoc County is named after the Modoc people – a group of Native Americans who lived in northeast California.

The Modoc War was considered one of the costliest wars between Native Americans and the US Army in American history.

The Achumawi people called Alturas Koealekte or ‘The Smiles of God’, after the beauty of the surrounding landscape.

Alturas is surrounded by the Modoc National Forest – a 6,695km² wildlife refuge home to hundreds of bird, fish and mammal species.

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Flying at 3,000m - The Modoc War

 

Flying at street level - 'Where the West still lives'

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© 2014 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)