Volcanoes
  • Audio Slideshows

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    Narrated by experts in their fields, the slideshows combine stories, music and images giving you a new way to explore the world from the air.

  • Coasts

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    Almost 40% of the world’s population lives within 100km of the coast. Discover how people interact with diverse coastal environments.

  • Dams

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    Dams are some of the largest man-made structures. Find out how we use these engineering marvels to harness the power of rivers.

  • Mountains

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    Mountain ranges are the most distinctive landforms visible from the air. Discover some of Earth's highest, longest, oldest and most spectacular.

  • Natural Wonders

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    Discover some of nature’s most unusual events, creations and formations that can be found across the globe and find out why they exist.

  • Sacred Landscapes

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    Many cultures assign holy significance to the landscape around them; uncover some of the world’s most sacred sites and the people who worship them.

  • Colonial Arrivals

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    Explore the colonial history of some of the world’s greatest port cities and the roles the individual colonialists and explorers played.

  • Islands

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    Thousands of islands, large and small, dot our planet’s seas; find out the different ways in which they were formed, from volcanoes to coral.

  • Natural Resources

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    Gathering valuable resources such as metals, chemicals or water has led to communities developing in areas that might otherwise seem inhospitable.

  • Energy

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    We consume more energy now than ever before – find out where this fuel comes from and how it is harnessed across the globe.

  • Farming and agriculture

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    Food is one of our most basic human needs: discover how farming and agriculture differ across the varied cultures and climates of our world.

  • Cities

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    Over half the world’s population live in cities: discover how these settlements were established and learn why they are of modern global importance.

  • Volcanoes

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    Explore the world's diverse volcanic landscapes, from the effects of eruptions to the millions of people who live in the shadow of volcanoes.

  • Road and rail transport

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    Roads and railways have acted as a catalyst for expansion, communication and development. Explore their influences across the world.

  • Caves and rock paintings

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    Huge networks of caves and caverns hold some of the oldest and least explored physical, natural and human environments on the planet.

  • Legends and Mythology

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    Myths and legends have been used for centuries to help different cultures make sense of how the world around them came to be.

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Volcanoes

During the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruptions, more than 100,000 flights were cancelled, stranding five million travellers across the world.

The Cape Verde islands are thought to have formed over a volcanic “hot spot”, producing a series of volcanoes isolated from a plate boundary.

Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe, covering 1,190 square kilometres.

The eruption of the Lake Toba super-volcano 70,000 years ago killed off the majority of early humanoid life on Earth at the time.

The Mount St. Helens eruption in 1980 was the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in the history of the USA.

The tallest volcano in the Tibesti Mountain Range is Emi Koussi, at 3,451 metres.

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Volcanoes

The appearance of the landscape changes depending on your altitude. Using the options below, please choose a cruising altitude to explore from.

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Kilimanjaro, Tanzania at 13,000m - the highest mountain in Africa

 

Flores, Indonesia at 13,000m - Dramatic volcanoes

 

Cascade Mountains, USA at 1,000m - The 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption

 

Sicily, Italy at 1,000m - The mighty Mount Etna

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© 2014 Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)